Myanmar’s wild-caught timber elephants have higher rates of mortality and shorter life spans compared to those born in captivity, a new study has found.Among wild-caught individuals, elephants that were captured at older ages were worse off than those caught at younger ages, the researchers found.Wild-caught elephants also suffered the highest mortality rates during the first year after capture, which decreased slowly over subsequent years.The high number of deaths in the year following capture is likely related to capture-related injuries and trauma, followed by harsh taming, the authors say. In Myanmar, more than 5,000 elephants have been put to work in the logging industry over the past century, accounting for one of the world’s largest captive elephant populations. They include elephants caught from the wild and tamed, as well as elephants born in captivity.Both the wild-caught and captive-born elephants live, eat and work together, hauling logs by day and foraging in the forest by night. They are also subject to the same rules, including those governing workload, rest periods, retirement age and data recording.But there’s a key difference: Myanmar’s wild-caught timber elephants have higher rates of mortality and shorter life spans than those born in captivity, according to a new study published in Nature Communications.A Myanmar timber elephant hauling a log. Image by Virpi Lummaa.For more than a century, the government of Myanmar (formerly Burma) has maintained detailed records of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) employed in the timber industry, such as when an elephant was born, whether in the wild or in captivity; its age when it was tamed; and who its parents and offspring are. If the elephant was captured, then the records detailed how it was caught: whether it was part of a herd that had been driven into a stockade, whether it was immobilized by sedation or captured by lasso.By combing through this dataset of 5,150 timber elephants — of which 2,072 were captured from the wild between 1951 and 2000, and 3,078 were born in captivity between 1925 and 1999 — researchers found that wild-caught elephants had higher mortality rates than captive-born elephants at all ages, irrespective of how they were caught.“Our analysis reveals that wild-captured elephants had lower survival chances than captive-born elephants regardless of how they’d been captured, whether by stockade of whole groups, lassoing single elephants, or immobilisation by sedation,” lead author Mirkka Lahdenpera, a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Turku, Finland, said in a statement. “This means that all these methods had an equally negative effect on the elephant’s subsequent life.”In fact, capture seemed to reduce the median life span of elephants by up to seven years compared to their captive-born peers. Among the wild-caught individuals, elephants that were captured at older ages were worse off than those caught at younger ages.The team also found that wild-caught elephants suffered the highest mortality rates during the first year after capture. This decreased slowly over subsequent years. Such a high number of deaths in the year following capture is likely related to capture-related injuries and trauma, followed by harsh taming, the authors say.For instance, captured elephants in Myanmar are “first broken and then trained to walk with hobbles to restrict their movement while night foraging,” the authors write, “and the older the elephants at capture, the more difficult it is to move around with hobbles (to which captive-born individuals are used to after their taming around age 5), which is also likely to restrict their nutritional intake.”This capture and training likely induces chronic stress in captured elephants, they add. However, there are currently no studies that directly compare stress in wild-captured and captive-born elephants kept in similar systems.The Myanmar government banned the wild capture of elephants in 1994. But the pachyderms continue to be captured throughout Southeast and South Asia to sustain populations in zoos, and for research and conservation programs.“The long-term overall cost of capture and taming resulted in a median lifespan that is 3-7 years shorter than that of captive-born elephants,” said Virpi Lummaa, the study’s senior investigator and an academy professor at the University of Turku. “Capturing elephants to sustain captive populations is, consequently, detrimental, because it not just reduces wild populations of this endangered species, but it also cannot provide a viable solution to sustain captive populations. These wild-caught animals live shorter lives and reproduce poorly in captivity.”Most captured elephants are taken from the wild at a relatively young age. Image by Virpi Lummaa.Citation:Lahdenperä, M., Mar, K. U., Courtiol, A., & Lummaa, V. (2018). Differences in age-specific mortality between wild-caught and captive-born Asian elephants. Nature communications, 9(1), 3023.Banner image of Asian elephant by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay. Article published by Shreya Dasgupta Animals, Biodiversity, Conservation, Elephants, Endangered Species, Environment, Forest Elephants, Forests, Green, Mammals, Research, Timber, Tropical Forests, Wildlife Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
At first glance, the Wayne DaCosta-trained three-year-old filly LUANA appears to be a ready-made winner of tomorrow’s second race, the opening event of the Sunrise-6. LUANA won impressively in maiden company on May 26, while clocking 1:23.2 for 1300 metres, and in two subsequent races she was not disgraced behind My Super Girl over 1100 metres on June 2 and Super Sparkle on June 16. However, LUANA failed to complete a June 30 1200-metre race, which was won in a fast 1:10.4 by Hilly’s Halo, and has now been dropped to the lowly $180,000 claiming group. She has done very little on the exercise track since that last race, and it suggests that all is not well with the Casual Trick – Diamondntheruff offspring. SUPER-SELECTIONS The race-fit MR COOKIE is a better bet in this opening race. He has been competing against lesser company but advertised his fitness in his last two starts with strong performances behind LITTLE BIG HORN and PRINCESS CAULA. He finished second by 23 lengths to LITTLE BIG HORN, but the run was much better than the final placing suggests. He chased the winner, now campaigning in $550,000 claiming, for a long way behind splits of 48.1×1:13.1 and is the choice in a field where the majority of the horses have been running well below their best forms. BLOOD SONG, to be ridden by veteran jockey Shane Ellis, is a banker in Race Three for non-winners of two over 1700 metres. He finished fast behind Flowers Thirty in a 1400 metres race on Emancipation Day, and the four-year-old gelding should really appreciate the extra 300 metres. Race Four is a knotty 1000 metres round race for four-year-olds and upwards non-winners of three. ZI BEAST, AMAR, UNCLE FREDDIE, and TOUGH COOKIE have all been showing good form, but my selection is TOOT THE BLUES. The four-year-old filly is a more resolute galloper than all the aforementioned horses and should stay close to the expected pacesetter ZI BEAST before taking charge in the final 200 metres. PRINCESS ANNIE in the fifth for two-year-old maidens over 1000 metres round has classic potential written all over her and should win on a canter. The Wayne DaCosta-trained filly is a half brother to Future King, who won the 2015 Jamaica Two-year-old Stakes in 1:38.4. This filly has been working well and is even more fashionably bred than Future King. Her sire is Northern Giant, a horse who was 12th in the 2010 Preakness Stakes in the United States. The last two Sunrise-6 races should go to PARAJET (knocking at the door) and SUPER SPARKLE. 2. MR COOKIE 3. BLOOD SONG 4. TOOT THE BLUES 5. PRINCESS ANNIE 6. PARAJET 7. SUPER SPARKLE firstname.lastname@example.org Better Bet
NoonU.S. final: Texas vs. GeorgiaCh. 7
Jason Kandel, (818) 546-3306 email@example.com 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! BURBANK – After serving up Cuban-style baked goods and tasty sandwiches for years in Glendale, Porto’s Bakery opened its Burbank store Monday to throngs of fans. More than 100 people lined the sidewalk in front of the popular eatery at Hollywood Way and Magnolia Boulevard in the heart of the city’s Magnolia Park area, eager for the doors to open. “After years of work, we finally come this morning to welcome the Porto family, embrace them and wish them the best,” Burbank Mayor Jef Vander Borght said during a ribbon-cutting ceremony. “All of us have invested countless years trying to find the right mixture of the right tenant and right uses for the area. We couldn’t have found a better use than Porto’s.” Owner Raul Porto, 45, said he and his family already are feeling welcomed by neighboring business owners, city officials and residents. His family opened its first bakery in Los Angeles in the early 1970s, then moved it to Glendale in 1978. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORESanta Anita opens winter meet Saturday with loaded card “I know that we picked the right place,” he said of Burbank. “I hope we can just become a big part of this big family.” It was a long-awaited grand opening. Porto’s was originally slated to open as early as September but was held up by renovations to the former Thrifty PayLess drugstore site. The city of Burbank gave Porto’s a $790,000 loan to help it with the $1.1 million in improvements needed at the former drugstore, which had been vacant since 1998. The loan is forgivable after 10 years if Porto’s stays that long. But if its sales exceed $5.5 million in a year, it must give 50 percent of the excess profits toward paying back the loan. Walter Tobar, 33, of Burbank and his 3-year-old son, Andrew, couldn’t wait to eat pastries. “We’ve been waiting every day – Is it open yet? Is it open yet?” said Tobar, a regular at the Glendale Porto’s at 315 N. Brand Blvd. “(Andrew) can’t wait to get some juice and bread. This is great.”
Gang members are responsible for two homicides over the weekend, authorities confirmed Monday. On Sunday evening, a 30-year old North Hollywood man was gunned down outside his residence in the 7000 Block of Fulton Avenue. Gabriel Garcia was walking with a friend outside the apartment complex where Garcia lived, when a vehicle with several Latino men pulled up and shot him with a large-caliber weapon, Los Angeles police Detective Mike Coffee said. “It’s definitely a drive-by,” Coffee said. “There’s no doubt about that.” AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWhicker: John Jackson greets a Christmas that he wasn’t sure he’d seeIn another incident in Arleta on Friday evening, Mario Rodriguez, a 21-year-old man from Sylmar with no gang affiliation, was shot and killed after he and two friends were confronted by three individuals suspected of being gang members, police said. The shooting occurred about 11:35 p.m. in the 13100 block of Reedley Street. One of the suspects reportedly shouted an unknown gang name before pulling out a rifle and killing Rodriguez, who died at the scene, an LAPD spokesman said. Police are seeking the shooter, described as a Latino male, 17-19 years old, 6 feet tall and 180 pounds. There have now been 43 gang-related homicides in the San Fernando Valley this year, and 85 total. Anyone with information in the North Hollywood shooting can call North Hollywood detectives at (818) 623-4075; for the Arleta shooting, call Foothill Division detectives at (818) 834-3115. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
“As a club we have a very important week ahead and his priority will be to lift the players and to have them up for two games against Montrose as we aim to hold on to our Championship status. “Allan is someone who knows the club and the division very well and we feel he is the ideal appointment”. Johnston, who lost his job with Championship side Dunfermline in January, will again be assisted by Sandy Clark. Allan Johnston will take charge of Queen of the South’s play-off campaign after agreeing a dramatic return to Palmerston. Gary Naysmith was sacked on Saturday night, hours after a 3-0 home defeat by Partick Thistle consigned Queens to ninth spot in the Ladbrokes Championship and a trip to Montrose in a semi-final first leg on Tuesday. The Dumfries club have moved quickly to replace him with Johnston, who led Queens to a League One and Challenge Cup double in 2013 before moving to Kilmarnock. Gary Naysmith was sacked on Saturday night. SNS GroupChairman Billy Hewitson said in a statement: “After taking the decision to relieve Gary of his duties it was vital that we moved quickly to put the new man in place.
Share This! On any given night, Disney fireworks light up the sky to oohs and aahs of everyone around. For certain holidays, like New Year’s Eve or the Fourth of July, those fireworks displays are sent into overdrive. The synchronization between music and pyrotechnics is its own kind of theater performance. But is one holiday display better than another? Last week, we asked you:Which holiday has the best fireworks shows at Walt Disney World?Here’s your results.July 4 (111 votes, 43%)And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air, gave proof through the night that it is Independence Day! It’s hard not to feel patriotic watching any of the Fourth of July fireworks displays at Walt Disney World. Filled with lots of red, white, and blue, it’s all about celebrating America by blowing up the skies over it. (Fun fact: Of all colors, blue is the hardest firework color to blend. You can tell the quality of fireworks used in a show based on how the vibrant the blue shells are.) The experience of waiting for fireworks in July can be challenging–some years it is brutally hot, which is certainly not fun if you’ve been camped in a crowded theme park all day. Other years, it can rain and the fireworks can be delayed. Still, it is worth the wait and far better than anything that your neighbors will be making with fireworks purchased for Crazy Joe’s firework bonanza.New Year’s Eve (145 votes, 57%)Remember back when you could count down to New Year’s Eve ever night at Pleasure Island? Ah, those were the days. But those parties have nothing on New Year’s Eve celebrations around Walt Disney World. Make sure your dental insurance is up to date–you may need to replace a filling or two knocked loose by the massive finales at each park. My favorite part of the fireworks show from Magic Kingdom is watching the shells launched that look like numbers in a countdown to help get from 10 to 1. Or maybe it’s watching the fireworks at Epcot where they are right on top of you. (The Studios is also on my list for a less-crowded experience.) At the end of the night, you can’t go wrong with any of them. One caveat is that it can be cold in Florida for New Year’s. And I’m talking honest-to-goodness cold and not Florida cold. The year when it was in the 30s with a brisk wind all evening made everyone look for places to huddle until the fireworks started. But it certainly is worth it to tough it out!And there you have it–your results for Ask It. Next week’s question is live on Twitter and on the blog here.
A study by IBM found that one-third of employees at Fortune 1000 companies share corporate data using third-party apps. Often they reuse corporate login credentials when setting up these unauthorized accounts.Is it really that bad? It may be worse. A recent study by Cisco quantifies the gap between what IT groups think its employees do and what they actually are doing.About one year ago, Cisco asked IT groups how many cloud services that their companies were using. The average response: 91.As a verification, Cisco next looked at the web traffic of those same companies. After subtracting out traffic to standard web sites, they found that companies actually were using on average 630 cloud services. More recently they ran those same tests again and found that the average had now jumped to 1220 web services per company. The results were similar for almost all types of companies, regardless of the industry — even manufacturing, oil and gas, financial services and healthcare showed high usages of cloud services.Bob Dimicco, senior director, of advanced services at Cisco, said that “when you step back, Shadow IT has been around for years. What’s new or interesting is that the data here is not from a qualitative survey, it’s the actual traffic to the cloud and the system has enough granularity to differentiate.”
Web sites without dynamic content, hosted within a dynamic web solution such as Microsoft Sharepoint or created with Microsoft Frontpage or another WYSIWYG client. Enterprise Application Developer Every software project I have worked on always started with some form of conflict and complicated interactions. This usually resolved itself through the use of a definition regarding roles and responsibilities. That definition kept people on the same page and helped everyone to understand who was doing what.Now depending on when you happened to look at my job title over the last 13 years, you may have seen one of the following: Hosting Platforms (configuration of hardware and application software) Software Developer This means only that I moved from one department to another, however, the physical tasks I employed were the same. My output may have had a different installer/wrapper/output, however, it was the same. I designed, developed, tested and deployed an application into our environment.When it was time to define the characteristic (metadata) of an application, we needed to start with definitions. Not only what an “Application” is but what “Software” is and how (if) it differs from each other and from an “Operating System”.This is vitally important because no matter who you talk to, they will have a difference of opinion in this area. Let me give you an example that we are currently dealing with. We are implementing a CMDB (Configuration Management Database) for our Service and Support organization. As our application data is pumped into that solution we had to decide whether it is an application or software. The CMDB definitions basically stated that software was the core items used to build a hosting platform whereas an application is the code hosted on that platform. A very specific definition for their very specific implementation.Our definition was much more simple.If it’s coded, if you develop it, it is a software application simply referred to as an “Application”. This can be developed internally or purchased. An application is not an operating system.That means that everything running on our environment, that is loaded on top of an operating system, is an application and needs to be inventories. That also means if it is a web-based solution, with software code, hosted within a web-hosting solution, however, it is still an application.We did draw a very discreet line in that we did not want to inventory certain things. Those are items that are “configured” inside of other applications. Item such as: Software Engineer Templates configured for an application. This minimizes the possibility that we inventory applications that are sitting in a box, not installed on the environment. It also means that items we paid for, installed, licensed and such, are included. Whether on a server or on a client, we need to know about them so that we can work towards the simplification of our inventory.Next I will cover how we have gone about gathering this data. Some approaches work well while others don’t. Additionally, before you start gathering data you must have a solid review, maintenance and data quality processes in place or the data will be of no use for future analysis.Have you undergone a similiar process? Are you struggling with doing this inside your company? Have questions? Let us know. Installed on Intel (or contracted) hardware? Application Developer Does this have (or has it ever had) a development/support team? Fileshare Does this have (or has it ever had) a development/release process? To put forth some simple rules, that people can evaluate their “Application” before attempting to add it for evaluation, we came up wtih some simple rules. It has to meet all of these with a yes response. Initially used by more than one person (or application) at Intel?